There are many genocides that have happened in the past taking away the lives of many people and leaving millions homeless. There are many different causes of these genocides, but many of them are usually between different tribes or people with different beliefs.
Africa has had their fair share, with many of them causing deaths to hundreds of thousands or even millions in some cases. The most common genocide in Africa is the Rwandan genocide. Below are some of the worst genocides of Africa.
The Rwandan genocide is one of the worst genocide to happen in the recent past. It lasted for about 100 days and claimed the lives of between 500,000 to 1,000,000 people. The genocide was perpetrated by the Hutu-led government and the killings done by the National police, the Rwandan army, government-backed militia and the civil population against the Tutsi. There had been earlier violence and fighting between the two communities.
The violence erupted after a plane carrying the then Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira was shot down when it was on its descent into Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. Many western countries like the US, UK, and Belgium were criticized for their inaction for failing to strengthen their force and mandate of the UNAMIR peacekeepers. France on the other hand, were accused of supporting the Hutu-led government.
The Nigerian Civil War
Nigerian has continued to grow and is currently the biggest economy in Africa. However, it has a dark past where two communities fought and led to deaths of innocent civilians. There are many different factors that fueled tension in the country. The Igbo people wanted to secede from Nigeria. The war lasted for over two and half years, where an estimated two million people died. This was made worse by the famine, and images of starving and malnourished children saturated the Western media. The Federal Military surrounded the Biafra, the representation of the Igbo people, and this led to the end of the war.
The British colonial ideology divided the country into three regions, which then made it easy for them to fight for resources and representation in the Federal legislature. There were also attempted military coups before the civil war.
This was a violent political campaign that took place in Ethiopia and Eritrea after Communist Mengistu Hale Mariam took control of Derg, the military junta, on February 1977.
There were many civilian groups that wanted to take control of Ethiopia after the deposition of Emperor Haile Selassie, with the communist EPRP being the most notable. EPRP militants were arrested and executed while ERPRP carried out assassinations against supporters of the Derg. After Mengistu had done away with the opposition he had in Derg, he became the head of Derg and the ruler of Ethiopia. He then turned his attention to his rivals, the foremost being EPRP. This started a war, with EPRP trying their best strike back despite the many challenges they were going through.
The war resulted in deaths of between 100,000 and 500,000 deaths. There are many other genocides of Africa that have claimed the lives of many, but the above are the most notable ones.