Few people are aware of the incredible contributions Africa has made to the world. Most discussions about inventions and the origins of technology and science revolve around the Romans, Greeks and other white civilizations – but many of their discoveries were done much earlier by their African Counterparts.
Here’s a short list with some of the greatest examples of areas on which the Africans were the most advanced.
Many high-school-level mathematics concepts were developed in Africa, over 35,000 years ago. They scripted textbooks which gave instructions on how to multiply and divide fractions, and even utilize geometric formulas in order to determine the volume and area of shames.
They also calculated angles and distances, and solved algebraic equations. They had Pi estimated at 3.16, and considered circles to have 360 degrees. The ancient Egyptians could even mathematically predict floods of the Nile.
Inhabitants of present-day Zaire as well as those of present-day Nigeria developed their very own system of numeration over eight thousand years ago, which was based on units of twelve instead of ten – although it was very complex and required too much abstract reasoning to utilize.
Another of Africa’s contributions to the world is in the metallurgy field. Ancient Tanzanian furnaces reached 1,800 degrees Celsius – up to 400 degrees more than the Romans’. In fact, approximately 2,000 years ago, Europeans learned about the advances in Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania, and they were astonished at how advanced they were when compared to theirs.
Examples of metallurgy and tool-making advances made in ancient Africa are metal saws and chisels, steam engines, iron and copper weapons and tools, glue nails, as well as bronze and carbon steel art and weapons.
To this day, we often utilize treatments which were first employed by ancient Africans. Before the Europeans invaded Africa, medicine in what would now be Nigeria, Egypt and South Africa were significantly more advanced than that of Europe.
The Africans utilized plants with salicylic acid for pain (the substance aspirin is made of), kaolin for diarrhea (the substance that makes Kaopectate), as well as extract which killed Gram positive bacteria.
They even used plants that treated malaria, had anticancer properties, or caused abortions. Many of their treatments were as effective as some modern-day Western ones. In fact, African cultures would perform surgeries in antiseptic conditions universally at a time this concept merely began emerging in Europe.
Other procedures that were performed in ancient Africa before Europe were autopsy, vaccination, broken bone settling, brain surgery, dental cavity filling, skin grafting, bullet removal, Caesarean section, tissue cauterization, anesthesia and the installation of false teeth.
Although they aren’t discussed too often, Africa’s contributions to the world are extremely important, and the continent was much more advanced than Europe in several significant areas.
The Africans – particularly the Egpytians – were clearly scientifically and technologically talented, and some of their advances in Navigation, Astronomy, Engineering and Architecture are not understood to this day by Western researchers.