Today, Africa’s produce is the best in the world. However, why would we now say that Africa’s produce is the best in the world? The reason for this change is caused by a variety of reasons.
However, the world is now noticing that Africa is on the brink of becoming the world’s primary bread basket. For centuries this was not the case as Africa struggled with a variety of political issues that produced poor agricultural decisions. Many African countries are now however becoming more progressive and democratic and as a result agricultural growth is phenomenal.
It is interesting to note that Africa has 60% of the world’s unused cropland. This unused cropland gives Africa a golden opportunity to reduce unemployment while at the same time developing its agricultural sector. Between now and 2020 it is estimated that there will be a creation of more than 8 million new wage paying jobs. If two very important reforms are added into the mix then Africa could add an additional 6 million more jobs.
The first decision requires that governments encourage the growth and expansion of large-scale commercial farming on any land that is uncultivated. To do this properly a African country will be required to reform water management and land rights. They will also need to improve access in areas such as infrastructure, seed production, finance, and insurance.
An excellent example of how this can work has occurred in the country of Mali. The government of Mali has introduced a vigorous program of building integrated roads, sea and rail links for the purpose of transporting mango exports and refrigerated goods to the European market. This has produced an outstanding increase of product in only five years. Another important factor is that many African agricultural economies are switching from a low value grain crop to a higher value crop. Some of these higher value crops include bio-fuels and horticulture crops.
Mali has boosted its GDP by introducing these measures. These measures have also provided the population with much-needed jobs. If you take grain as an example, you will find that agricultural sector can employ up to 50 workers for every 1000 ha. On the other side of the coin, if you introduce horticultural products you can increase the employment per 1000 ha up to an amazing 800 people.
Africa has a variety of soil types which can produce popular food products such as corn, coffee, vegetables, nuts, bananas, and other fruits. Africa now has the second fastest growing economy in the world over the last 10 years. It also has a political structure that is more stable and therefore the private sector is starting to invest in many different agricultural areas throughout Africa. Africa also has the potential for one of the largest labor forces in the world.
Another reason why Africa has some of the best produce in the world is because of the change in education. Almost 40% of all Africans now have some secondary education. Soon that figure will be nearly 50%. Massive job growth and new reforms are showing that Africa has the potential to accelerate in the agricultural industry. Even now as this article is being written we see that Africa is becoming a leader in quality food production.